Recently, a worker was crushed to death against a wall by
a huge truck that was backing up. That was a pinch point
In another instance, a pair of pliers slipped
and pinched a worker's hand, which caused a blood blister.
Pinch point conditions are one of the most difficult
hazards to guard. For example, let's look at a set of two
in-running calendar rolls used to finish cloth or manufacture
paper or rubber. The material in the process must reach the
in-running rolls to be carried through; no guard can be placed
at the immediate point. There are some partial guards on
such equipment, but operators must exercise extreme caution
and alertness when these rolls are running, which is usually
at a very high speed and under considerable pressure.
Closely stored 55-gallon steel drums, when moved
or handled, create pinch points between each other or the
dolly being used to move them. Because the drums are round,
they are more difficult to handle and control in many cases.
Here the only protection is care and alertness.
The same thing applies to heavy crates, castings,
and boxes that are stacked close to each other.
Improperly guarded punch presses can inflict more
serious injuries. However, most punch presses are well guarded
by a two-hand trip and photoelectric beams. These must be
used with part-revolution presses; they cannot be used with
full-revolution presses. Full revolution presses must have
a guard-barrier, two-hand control, or similar positive device.
Proper guarding prevents entry over, around, and through.
It is dangerous to work around machinery that
has oscillating or reciprocating parts or elements. Of course,
most of these areas are guarded, but in cases when guards
are removed to do work or make adjustments, be sure the parts
cannot move or be moved. Tag out or lock out the equipment
and be sure the machinery cannot cycle if it is off balance
or activated by accident.
There are many commonplace things that are potential
pinch points, like heavy steel doors or heavy covers for bins
or hoppers, and often there is no way to guard these hazards.
Care is your only safeguard. Even extension ladders can create
serious pinch points, the rungs sliding past each other can
catch fingers, hands, and feet.
Roller, belt, or chain conveyors create many pinch
points. On a roller-skate-wheel conveyor, heavy crates, castings,
and other materials that are too close together can even cut
off a finger. Powered conveyors are most dangerous at floor
openings and at the beginnings and ends, if they run inclined
between different levels.
A little thought will bring to mind the many
pinch points (sometimes called nip points) here in our own
operation. Let's discuss some of them now.