Safe Ladder Usage

Both single and extension ladders should be equipped with nonskid safety feet and should be placed on a firm, level surface.  The distance from the ladder's base to the wall should equal one-fourth the distance from the base to the point of support.

Never set ladders on boxes or other objects to make the ladder reach higher areas.

Lock or barricade any doors that may open toward ladders.

Approximately three feet of a straight ladder should extend above the topmost spot to be reached.

Never stand above the third rung from the top of a straight ladder or above the second highest step of a stepladder.

Never use stepladders as straight ladders.  Open stepladders fully and make sure that the spreader is locked securely.

Only one person should be on a ladder at a time and should always face the ladder when going up or down.

While on a straight ladder, hold on with one hand and don't overreach.  It's safer to climb down and move the ladder.  Use a safety belt if both hands have to be occupied.

If you use a metal ladder, make sure that it-or you-doesn't come into contact with electric wires or equipment.

Never carry large objects while ascending or descending a ladder.  To carry tools and accessories,  use shoulder straps, bags, or hand lines.

Inspect all ladders at regular intervals.

Defective ladders should be tagged "dangerous-do not use," and removed from service without delay.

Ladder steps and rungs should be kept free from oil and other foreign matter.

Ladders should not be painted because paint may conceal defects.

When not in use, ladders should be kept on racks having sufficient supporting points to prevent sagging.